Police Dog Breeds and Requirements

police dog

Police Dog requirements:


Dog Breeds

It is very important for a police dog to be easy to train. They must obey all of their master’s commands without question and, if necessary, independently execute them. A police dog who will not follow orders or one that disobeys its handler can be dangerous to itself and others no matter how well trained it might otherwise be.


Dog Breeds

Police Dog requirements also require that dogs remain obedient under all circumstances.


Police Dog breeds must possess an extremely high level of alertness at all times while on duty or in public places with their handler. The ability to effectively communicate with the dog when it finds something of interest can be crucial in locating things, people, or substances.


Police Dog breeds must be able to focus on their job with little or no outside influences that would normally distract them from performing their duties.


Police officer requirements generally include the ability to physically restrain violent suspects with their own body weight without harming them in any way.

Police Dog Breeds

The most common breeds used as police dogs are German Shepherds, Belgian Malinois and Bloodhounds.

German Shepherd

This breed was initially bred to herd sheep but now they are being used for more than herding, including police work, a guide for the blinds, search & rescue operations, military service etc. They are also known as Alsatians. Their keen sense of smell is very helpful in tracking criminals. The average lifespan is around 10 – 15 years. They require a lot of exercises which includes jogging with you on daily basis or playing ball with you in the yard at least once a day. Females usually come into heat twice a year until they’re spayed whereas males may spray foul-smelling urine to mark their territory.

Belgian Malinois  

Belgian Malinois is one of the most widely used police dog breeds. They are similar to German Shepherds in appearance but they are smaller, more agile and lighter (around 25 kgs). The coat of Belgian malinois is shorter than that of German Shepherd, which means they need less grooming care. Their average lifespan is around 12 – 15 years. The average litter size for this breed is 5. This breed has high energy levels which makes them suitable for search missions involving running or chasing suspects on foot. You should start training your malinois puppy as soon as possible because he’ll develop behavioural problems if not trained properly until about 18 months old. This breed needs lots of exercises so you should play ball with them at least once daily or take them for a walk at least twice daily. They’re also known to bark excessively which means you should train them not to bark too much.


This is an ideal police breed that has a very good sense of smell and uses its long droopy ears to lure suspects into traps. They are also used in search missions involving tracking criminals or finding missing people using their exceptional sense of smell which makes them suitable for tracking, hunting etc. Their coat can be any hound colour but they all have large droopy ears. Although they look very sad, bloodhounds are friendly dogs who love attention from family members. They are large dogs weighing around 45 kgs. Bloodhounds have an average lifespan of 10 – 13 years. Their average litter size is 6. Bloodhounds are not suitable for apartment living because they require lots of physical exercise including long walks or games in the yard daily. If you cannot provide your dog with regular physical activity, then this breed is not for you. You should also consider that they shed their coat twice a year so there’ll be lots of extra fur in your house during shedding season if you don’t brush them regularly.

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